Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1906)

This article was published in The Encyclopedia of Political Revolutions, November 1998, pp 245-248.

The Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906 was the first. Democratic political movement of
modern Iran and had significant social and cultural dimensions. The revolution brought about a
parliament (Majles) and a constitution that curtailed the authority of both the monarchy and
the clerical establishment (ulama) and gained much international support before it was put
down through Russian intervention in December 1911.

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